As-Nas may also have been the father of the Italian game of Primero
As-Nas may also have been the father of the Italian game of Primero and the French Gilet, which, during the reign of Charles IX (1550-74), became Brelan and later fathered its variants Bouillotte and Am-bigu. In le Poker Americain as the French play it today brelancarre means four of a kind. The early published Poker rules in this country also hint at French antecedents: the 32-card Piquet pack was used, it was cut to the left, the cards were dealt from the bottom of the deck, and certain combinations of cards bore French names. The draw feature of Poker is found in Ambigu, and the blind, straddles, raise, table stakes and freeze-out in the pre-Revolutionary Bouillotte. Bluffing and the use of wild cards were important features in the English game of Brag. In all these European games, however, a hand consisted of only three cards. The credit for the use of a five-card hand and also the bluff must go to the Persian As-Nas, from which our word "ace" may also have come.
In 1845 an early American edition of Hoyle included Twenty-Card
In 1845 an early American edition of Hoyle included Twenty-Card Poker and also "Poker or Bluff." Twenty years later The American Hoyle added the game, calling it simply "Bluff." Perhaps a few players who may have confused it with the the English Brag also called it that, but most players have always called it Poker. Game-book editors who do their research in previous game books sometimes still call it "Poker (Bluff)" although no player has used the latter term for nearly a century.